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2008? English Exam Part A

1.       Which of the following is not quarried in Makhtesh Ramon?
a. Sand and glass.
b. Gypsum (geves).
c. Copper.
d. Minerals.

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2.       “limans” in Israel can be found in:
a. The western Galilee.
b. The Shefar’am-Allone Abba hills.
c. Various sites throughout the Negev and the Arava.
d. The Luzit area in the Judean Lowlands.

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3.       What does the word endemic mean?
a. A subterranean plant with no chlorophyll.
b. Colorless.
c. A species whose range is limited to a certain area or region.
d. A species whose range is limited to the Saharo-Nubian region.

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4.       Where are Tristram’s grackles (tristramit) found?
a. In the Nahal Daliyyot cliffs, near Gamla.
b. In various sites throughout the Judean Desert.
c. Around Lake Agmon in the Hula Valley.
d. In the area of the Bet Guvrin Caves.

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5.       The most ancient vaulted gate in the world was discovered in:

a. Sebastia.
b. The City of David.
c. Ashqelon.
d. Tel Arad.

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6.       One way of reducing the salinity of water in Lake Kinneret is:
a. Opening the Deganya dam.
b. The Salty Springs Carrier (Hamovil Hamaluah).
c. Intensifying pumping in the Sappir Pumping Station.
d. Introducing gambusias into Nahal Daliyyot, which flows into Lake Kinneret.

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7.       What is Carbon-14 used for?

a. Analyzing pottery characteristics.
b. Identifying Dead Sea minerals.
c. Dating organic materials.
d. Analyzing the metal composition of coins.

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8.       What is the northern border of the Golan Heights?
a. Mount Hermon.
b. The Banyas.
c. Nahal Sa’ar.
d. The volcanic hills (tilim) line.

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9.       What are anthropoids?
a. Ceramic coffins.
b. Vessels for storing grain.
c. Ceremonial instruments from the Natufian Period.
d. Ceramic candles from the Byzantine Period.

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10.    The reliefs in Sanherib’s palace in Nineveh depict the capture of:
a. Jerusalem.
b. Layish.
c. Hazor.
d. Lakhish.

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11.    Where was Josephus Flavius taken captive?
a. Gamla.
b. Zippori.
c. Yodefat.
d. Jerusalem.

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12.   The “Tomb of the Kings” site in Jerusalem is generally believed to belong to:
a. Herod’s family.
b. Agrippas and his family.
c. Queen Helene, queen of Adiabene, and her family.
d. The Hasmonean dynasty.

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13.   The Hasmonean Tunnel at the Western Wall Tunnel site was originally used:
a. For draining sewage from Herod’s Palace.
b. As a hiding cave during the Bar Kokhva Rebellion.
c. As an immersion site for priests before they ascended the Temple Mount.
d. To collect floodwaters for the cisterns on the Temple Mount.

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14.    Who were the Sicariis?
a. An extremist Jewish group from the Galilee.
b. A group of Jewish ascetics who lived in Qumeran (Sekhakha).
c. Idumean rebels who joined the Great Revolt.
d. Descendants of the Nabateans who lived in the Negev during the Herodian period.

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15.    Archaeological evidence shows that at the time the synagogue on Masada was active, there were also synagogues active in:
a. Gamla and Zippori.
b. Kefar Nahum (Capernaum) and Bet Alfa.
c. Herodium and Gamla.
d. Jerusalem and Yavne.

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16.   From where did the lower aqueduct at Caesarea receive water?
a. The meeting point of Nahal Tanninim and Nahal Ada.
b. The Shuni Springs.
c. En Zur.
d. The springs in the Alona Park vicinity.

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17.    The Hisham Palace (Khirbet al-Mafjar) is located near:
a. The Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
b. Jericho.
c. Lod.
d. Ramle.

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18.    The capital of the 13th century Crusader Kingdom was:
a. Akko.
b. Caesarea.
c. Jerusalem.
d. Ashqelon.

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19.    What is the style of the Crusader castle at Kokhav HaYarden?
a. A Spur Castle.
b. Concentric.
c. Turris.
d. Templum

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20.    Who built the Circular Tower in the Zefat Fortress?
a. Baybars.
b. Benoît d’Alignan.
c. Godfrey of Boullion.
d. Dahar al Omar.

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21.    Who named Jerusalem “Aelia Capitolina”?
a. Constantine.
b. Hadrian (Adrianus).
c. Pontius Pilate.
d. Godfrey of Boullion.

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22.    The Valley Railway (Rakevet HaEmeq) stopped at:
a. Haifa, Nahalal, Afula, En Harod.
b. Haifa, Kefar Yehoshua, Bet She’an, Zemah.
c. Haifa, Kefar Yehoshua, Tirat Zevi.
d. Rosh HaNiqra, Akko, Haifa, Zemah.

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23.    Who redeemed the Yizre’el Valley lands
a. Baron Rothschild.
b. Baron Hirsch.
c. Yehoshua Hankin.
d. David Ben Gurion.

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24.    Be’eri and Kefar Darom were established as part of a settlement plan known as:
a. Sof-Sof.
b. The Negev Outposts (mitspim).
c. Tower and Stockade.
d. The Eleven Points.

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25.    Where did most of the Bet HaArava residents resettle after the War of Independence?
a. En Harod and Bet HaShitta.
b. Kabri and Gesher HaZiv.
c. Nahariyya and Kefar Liman.
d. Revadim and Hafez Hayyim.

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26.    What was the Ayyalon Institute?
a. An agricultural research institute in the southern Coastal Plain.
b. An experimental farm for growing vegetables with brackish water.
c. An institute for research and development of the Ayyalon Highway.
d. A secret weapons production plant.

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27.    “Masada on the Carmel” was a defense plan for the Jews of Israel at the time of:
a. World War I in case of a German invasion.
b. World War II in case of a German invasion.
c. Dahar al Omar in case of an invasion from the Galilee to the Carmel.
d. The War of Independence in case of an invasion by the Arab armies.

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28.    A new desalination plant just opened in:
a. Nahariyya.
b. Hadera.
c. Ashqelon.
d. Eilat.

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29.    Modern Moza was founded by people from:
a. The Old Yishuv.
b. The First Aliyah.
c. The Second Aliyah.
d. The Fifth Aliyah.

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30.    Israel’s eastern border, known as the Green Line, was valid until the:
a. War of Independence.
b. Six Day War.
c. Yom Kippur War.
d. Oslo Accords.

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31.    What was the Bar Lev Line?
a. The oil pipeline from Eilat to Ashqelon.
b. A line of fortifications along Israel’s eastern border in the Golan Heights.
c. A line of fortifications along Israel’s western border along the Suez Canal.
d. The railway between Oron and Ashdod.

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32.    What is the meaning of HB?
a. Half Board.
b. Half Bus (a bus with half the number of passengers).
c. Home Bread (homemade bread provided at Bed & Breakfast accommodations.
d. Hot Bath (a type of massage at spas).

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33.    “Aseret Yemei Teshuva” (Ten Days of Repentance) occur:
a. Before Rosh HaShanna.
b. Before the Ninth of Av.
c. From the first day of Rosh HaShanna until Yom Kippur.
d. Before the Festival of Giving the Torah.

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34.    Which of the following is not one of the five Principles of Islam?
a. Jihad.
b. Prayer.
c. The pilgrimage to Mecca.
d. The Ramadan fast.

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35.    What is the Mishna:
a. A collection of sayings of sages redacted by Rabbi Yehuda HaNassi circa 200 CE.
b. A collection of sayings of sages redacted by Rabbi Yosef Karo in the 16th century.
c. A collection of halakhic rulings from the Middle Ages.
d. The last book in the Bible.

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36.    Which of the following sites is not Protestant?
a. August Victoria Church.
b. The Garden Tomb.
c. The Church of the Redeemer.
d. The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu.

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37.      The apse in a church is:
a. The pulpit.
b. A semi-circular recess where the altar is located.
c. The priest’s robing room.
d. A burial site.

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38.    Shemini Atseret is the last day of which holiday?
a. Shavuot.
b. Pessah.
c. Sukkot.
d. Hanukka.

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39.    What do the following subjects have in common: baptism, extreme unction, matrimony, and penance-confession?
a. The holy sacrament.
b. They are all Christian holidays.
c. They are all customs of the Protestant Church.
d. They are all related to the East-West Schism in the church.

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40.    The Ahmadiyya movement originated in:
a. India.
b. Persia.
c. Caucasus.
d. Israel.

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41.    How is it possible to become a Druze?
a. By marrying a member of the Druze community.
b. By studying the religion and converting.
c. By being sworn in, in the presence of the community elders.
d. It is not possible to become a Druze.

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42.    Nebi Ya’afuri is a holy site for the:
a. Bahais and is located near Akko.
b. Ahmadiyyas and is located in the Carmel region.
c. Moslems and is located in the Upper Galilee.
d. Druze and is located in the Golan Heights.

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43.    What does the Arabic word Sunna mean?
a. Consecration.
b. Tradition.
c. Testimony.
d. Holy War.

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44.    Which of the following does not belong with the others?
a. Mizpe HaYamim.
b. Mizpe Harashim.
c. Mizpe Abbirim.
d. Mizpe Hilla.

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45.    Where did the Knights Hospitaller live in Jerusalem?
a. In the Temple Mount area, which was holy to Christianity in their times.
b. Near the Holy Sepulcher.
c. In the Ecce Homo area on the Via Dolorosa.
d. On the Mount of Olives from where Jesus ascended to heaven.

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46.    Nahum Gutman was:
a. One of the first painters and children’s authors in Israel.
b. The second mayor of Tel Aviv.
c. The founder of the ulpanim (Hebrew language schools) in Israel.
d. The founder of the Hebrew Language Academy.

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47.    Arab el Aramsha is a Bedouin village:
a. In the Bet She’arim area, and is related to the stories of the Zeid family.
b. In the Eastern Galilee.
c. On the Adamit Ridge on Israel’s northern border.
d. In the Negev Highlands, near Be’erotayim.

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48.    The principles of irrigated terrace agriculture can be studied at:
a. Sataf.
b. Amazya.
c. Luzit.
d. Ashdod.

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49.    Where were remains from the Chalcolithic Period found?
a. In the En Gedi area.
b. At Teleilat Ghassul.
c. In Nahal Mishmar
d. At all the above.

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50.    Shivta was first built by:
a. The Sea People.
b. King Solomon.
c. Lova Eliav.
d. The Nabateans.