Below are 50 multiple-choice questions, of which you must choose and answer only 45. If you answer more than 45 questions, the first 45 questions answered will be taken into account. Select the most correct answer and mark it on the answer sheet.
Each correct answer is worth 0.66 points.
1. Desalinated water has been produced for many years in:
2. What do the ring-necked parakeet (drara), the coypu (nutria) and the white sallow (shita mak’hila) have in common?
a. They are species endemic to Israel and the Middle East
b. They are invasive species whose natural habitat is not in Israel
c. They are Irano-Turanian species
d. They are endangered species
3. Mt. Sodom is composed mainly of:
4. Which of the following plants does not belong with the others?
d. Palestine buckthorn
5. What is an ammonite?
a. An ancient marine mollusk (hilazon)
b. The title of the head of a church
c. A marine sediment
d. A toxic gas
6. What is travertine?
a. The chemical composition of the Tsafit formation
b. A rocky sediment, formed by precipitation of dissolved calcium carbonate
c. A contact spring (ma’ayan shikhva), such as the En Gedi spring
d. One of the common plants found in Nahal Perat (Wadi Qelt)
7. What is a bulla?
a. A pendant from the First Temple period, inscribed with the Priest’s Blessing (Birkat Kohanim)
b. The image of a beetle that symbolizes fertility
c. A signet ring worn by ancient Persian rulers
d. A clay seal used for closing letters in ancient times
8. In which archaeological excavation was a four-horned altar found?
a. City of David
d. Tel Be’er Sheva
9. According to the Second Book of Kings, the Samarians were brought to Israel following:
a. The Assyrian conquest
b. The campaigns of Thutmose (Thutmosis)
c. The Babylonian conquest
d. The Hellenistic conquest
10. Which Hasmonean ruler expanded Israel’s borders more than any other Hasmonean ruler?
a. Judah Maccabee
b. Alexander Yanai
c. Simon ben Matityahu
d. Yohanan Horkenos
11. The lower aqueduct to Jerusalem carried water to:
a. The Upper City
b. Herod’s Palace
c. The Bethesda (Bet Hisda) pool.
d. The Temple Mount
12. Who was the city of Caesarea named for?
13. Where did Josephus Flavius surrender to the Romans?
a. Giscala (Gush Halav)
14. Who was the commander of the 10th Roman Legion at the siege of Masada?
a. Julius Severus
b. Pontius Pilate
c. Flavius Titus
d. Flavius Silva
15. During which period did the Negev cities reach the peak of prosperity?
16. At which archaeological site was the “Nile Festival” mosaic discovered?
a. Bet She’an
c. Sepphoris (Tsipori)
d. The Hisham Palace
17. What is Jahiliyyah?
a. The Muslim name for the period that preceded the rise of Islam
b. An Ismaili Mulsim sect that was active in the 11th century CE
c. An designation for members of the Druze community
d. The name for Muslim gypsies that live near the Lion’s Gate (St. Stephen’s Gate) in Jerusalem
18. The Maltese Cross is the symbol of which knightly order?
19. Where were remains of the largest Crusader fortress in Israel discovered?
a. Qala’at Namrud
b. Kokhav HaYarden
20. What is ablaq?
a. An architectural motif commonly used in the Mamluk Period
b. An architectural motif commonly used in the Herodian Period
c. A reddish limestone that was quarried in Zedekiah’s (Tsidkiyahu) Cave
d. A dripstone pattern common in domes from the Mamluk Period
21. The Ottoman guard posts on the Jaffa-Jerusalem road were established in honor of the visit of:
a. Kaiser Wilhelm I
b. Kaiser Wilhelm II
c. Kaiser Franz Joseph
d. General Allenby
22. Which of the following were among the rabbis that were “forerunners of Zionism?
a. Kalisher and Alkalai.
b. Hess and Sirkin
c. Mendelssohn and Hess
d. Horowitz and Salant
23. Yitzhak Ben-Zvi and Manya Shohat:
a. Initiated the First Aliyah
b. Founded the Haganah
c. Founded the Shomer organization
d. Founded Kevutsat Deganya
24. Which of the following was one of Arthur Ruppin’s major enterprises?
a. Establishing the Labor Legion (Gedud HaAvoda) in 1920
b. Establishing the Palestine Bureau (Eretz Yisrael Office) in 1908
c. Establishing the Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael) in 1901
d. Establishing the General Federation of Laborers in the Land of Israel (Hahistadrut HaKelalit) in 1920
25. Kesalon, Ramat Razi’el and Bet Zayit are all:
a. Kibbutzim in the Jerusalem Corridor
b. Moshavim in the Jerusalem Corridor
c. Moshavim in the Adulam Region
d. Settlements east of Jerusalem
26. Which of the following were the three outposts (mitspim) established in the Negev in 1943.
a. Revivim, Yad Mordekhay, Be’eri
b. Bet Eshel, Nevatim, Yeroham
c. Revivim, Gevulot, Bet Eshel
d. Be’erot Yitshak, Revadim, Tse’elim
27. What was “Sha’ar HaAliyah”?
a. A detention camp for illegal immigrants at Nitsanim
b. A detention camp for illegal immigrants that came to Kefar Vitkin
c. A transition camp for olim who arrived up to 1948
d. A transition camp for olim who arrived after the establishment of the State of Israel
28. Which organizations participated in the Hebrew Rebellion Movement (Tenu’at HaMeri)?
a. The ETSEL and the LEHI against the Vichy armies
b. The ETSEL and the LEHI against the British
c. The ETSEL, the LEHI and the Haganah against the British
d. The ETSEL, the LEHI and the Haganah against the Arab armies
29. Which area was captured in Operation Dekel during Israel’s War of Independence?
a. The Northern Negev
b. The Judean Plains
c. The Coastal Plain
d. The Lower Galilee
30. The Green Line was determined following the:
a. “Sykes Siko” agreement
b. War of Independence
c. Six-Day War
d. Yom Kippur War
31. Areas colored pink on Israel Trails Maps are:
a. Military firing areas
b. Areas controlled by the Palestinian Authority
c. Nature reserves
d. Areas controlled jointly by the Israel Defense Forces and the Palestinian Authority (area B)
32. With which road does a section of the historical “Sea Route” coincide?
b. Nahal ‘Iron (Wadi Ara)
d. Northern Border Road
33. When was the border between Israel and Egypt first established?
a. In the early 20th century
b. After the War of Independence
c. After the Sinai War
d. After the Six-Day War
34. Mussaf and Havdala are special prayers said on:
b. Rosh Hodesh
d. Erev Shabbat (Friday)
35. The tomb of Rashbi (Rabbi Shimon Bar Yohai) is traditionally believed to be in:
c. Bet She’arim
36. According to Christian tradition Palm Sunday commemorates the:
a. Baptism of Jesus in the Jordan River
b. Entrance of Jesus to Jerusalem in the final week of his life
c. Descent of the holy spirit on the disciples of Jesus
d. Ascent of Jesus to heaven
37. What is Caesarea Philippi?
a. Stratton Tower
d. Mt. Tabor
38. Whose writings provide evidence on the situation of the Jews in the land of Israel during the 12th century?
b. The Pilgrim of Bordeaux
c. Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela (Binyamin MiTudela)
d. Maimonides (Rambam)
39. The “Ecce Homo” arch was built in the days of:
a. Pontius Pilate
b. Hadrian (Adrianus)
c. Constantine (Constantinus)
d. Justinian (Yustinianus)
40. Which holiday is celebrated at the end of the Hajj?
a. The prophet’s birthday
d. Al-Kadr Night
41. Darb-el-Barid is the mail route from which period?
42. According to accepted tradition today, the Stone of Anointing (Unction) (Even HaMeshikha) opposite the entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is:
a. The 12th station on the Via Dolorosa
b. The 14th station on the Via Dolorosa
c. The surface upon which the body of Jesus was laid and anointed with oils and spices
d. The stone used as a table for the Lord’s Supper
43. In which region is the “waterfall route” (tsir hamapalim) located?
a. The Golan Heights
b. The Upper Galilee
c. The Fault Escarpment (Matsok HaEtekim)
d. The Eilat Mountains
44. The following tourist attraction has lately been made accessible to people with disabilities:
a. The Yehudiya Waterfall
b. Keshet Cave
c. Sulam Cave
d. Alma Cave
45. The “Hurva” in Jerusalem is remains of:
a. A synagogue in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem that is now being rebuilt
b. A Mamluk building on HaShalshelet Street
c. A palace discovered a few years ago in the City of David
d. The Crusader building north of Damascus Gate (Sha’ar Shekhem)
46. The “Inn of the Good Samaritan” is found in the area of:
a. The Scorpion’s Ascent (Ma’aleh Akrabim)
b. Ma’ale Mikhmash
c. Ma’ale Adumim
d. Ma’ale HaHamisha
47. The “flying camel” in Tel Aviv was the symbol of:
a. The first Maccabiah Games
b. The Port of Tel Aviv
c. The Levant Fair
d. The Jaffa Gate Square in Jerusalem.
48. The largest and best preserved Canaanite gate house in Israel was found at:
c. Tel Arad
49. The Peace Route is located between the following settlements:
a. Eilat and Yotvata
b. Idan and Hatseva
c. Samar and Yahel
d. Ne’ot HaKikar and En Gedi
50. Which of the following sites is not a UNESCO World Heritage Site?
b. The Bahai Gardens
c. Ancient Caesarea
d. Ancient Akko