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2015 Winter Exam Part A

Kislev 5776
December 2015


Examinee number: _________________ Identity Card number: ______________

Part A: Knowledge Questions – Total of 30 Points

Time allotment for this section: 1 hour.
Auxiliary material: non-electronic dictionary only.

Please select and answer no more than 45 of the 50 multiple-choice questions below. If you answer more than 45 questions, the first 45 answers will be taken into account. Select the most correct answer and mark it on the answer sheet. Each correct answer is worth 0.66 points.

1. The paleo-magnetism site in Israel is in the following rock:
a. Chalk
b. Nari (Calcrete)
c. Basalt
d. Kurkar (Calcareous sandstone)

2. Cumulonimbus is a term connected to:
a. Geology
b. Botany
c. Anthropology
d. Climatology

3. An oak that is not indigenous (native) to Israel:
a. Cork oak
b. Boissier oak
c. Mount Thabor’s oak
d. Palestine oak

4. The Seven Species that the Land of Israel was blessed with: “a land of wheat and barley, vines, figs and pomegranates, a land of olive trees and…”:
a. Myrtle leaves
b. Honey
c. High quality oil
d. Almonds

5. Sycamore trees can be seen primarily in:
a. The Lowlands (shephela) and Coastal Plain
b. Upper Galilee
c. Arava
d. Golan
6. Which among the following is not a bird of prey?
a. Eagle
b. Vulture
c. Owl
d. Tristram’s Starling (Grackle)

7. An architrave is:
a. The beam on top of the pillars
b. The pediment in the façade of a temple
c. The room where the statue of the God is positioned
d. The upper part of an aqueduct

8. It is accepted that the first agricultural revolution occurred in the:
a. Iron Age
b. Chalcolithic period
c. Neolithic period
d. Early Bronze Age

9. Biblical sites in the Judean Lowlands (Shephela):
a. Ebenezer and Azeka
b. Tel Gezer and Tel Beit Shemesh
c. Kiryat Yearim and Tel Socoh
d. Tel Qasile and Tel Lachish

10. The verse: “and you counted the houses of Jerusalem and you pulled houses down to fortify the wall” is usually read to tourists:
a. At the house of Ahiel
b. Near the Broad Wall
c. At the Burnt House
d. In the Davidson Center

11. An amphitheater was discovered in:
a. Caesarea
b. Jerusalem
c. Tsippori
d. Beit Shearim

12. According to Josephus Flavius during the Great Revolt a massacre did not occur in:
a. Tiberias
b. Migdal
c. Yodefat
d. Jerusalem

13. One of the leaders who led the Return to Zion immediately following Cyrus’ Declaration was:
a. Ezra
b. Nehemiah
c. Gedaliahu Ben Ahikam
d. Zerubbabel

14. Alexander the Great arrived in the Land of Israel as a result of his wars with:
a. The Romans
b. The Persians
c. The Carthaginians
d. The Babylonians

15. One of the ancient aqueducts to Jerusalem originated from:
a. Solomon’s pools
b. Wadi El Qelt
c. Rosh Ha’ayin
d. Mei Naftoah

16. The burial place of two women whose names are “Etio” is located in:
a. The Beit Jamal Monastery
b. The Protestant cemetery on Mt. Zion
c. The Tombs of the Kings
d. Beit Shearim

17. Rabbi Akiva is connected to:
a. The War of Varus
b. The Kitos War
c. The Bar Kochba Rebellion
d. The Great Revolt

18. It is possible to view remains of Eudocia’s Wall in Jerusalem:
a. At Ketef Hinnom
b. At the Ophel
c. Next to the Mamilla Pool
d. On Mt. of Olives

19. The Abbasid Dynasty ruled the Land of Israel during the following centuries:
a. 8th-10th
b. 7th-11th
c. 9th-13th
d. 13th-14th

20. The largest Crusader fortress in Israel was in:
a. Montfort
b. Atlit
c. Safed
d. Kochav Hayarden (Belvoir)

21. Ablaq is:
a. Muhammad’s winged horse
b. A guilloche pattern made up of different colored stone masonry
c. Drop-like (stalactite) ornamentations
d. Shell-like ornamentation

22. The Empress Theodora was the wife of Emperor:
a. Justinian
b. Hadrian
c. Theodosius
d. Augustus

23. An agricultural settlement established by members of the Old Yishuv is:
a. Motza
b. Zichron Ya’acov
c. Ruhama
d. Rishon Le’Tzion

24. The remains of a 19th century winery were discovered in Tel-Aviv in:
a. The Tel-Aviv Port
b. Neve Tzedek
c. The Train Station Compound
d. Sarona

25. A settlement associated with Yitzhak Ben-Tzvi is:
a. Beit Keshet
b. Kefar Hanasi
c. Mesuot Yitzhak
d. Be’erot Yitzhak

26. Settlements in the Binyamin Region:
a. Elazar and Itamar
b. Efrat and Kedummim
c. Shiloh and Psagot
d. Ariel and Shoresh

27. The Eleventh (yod alef) of Adar is:
a. The date of Moses’ death
b. The date marking the events of Tel-Hai
c. General Kaddish
d. Holocaust Martyr’s and Heroes’ Remembrance Day

28. A Nobel Prize Laureate:
a. Dr. Chaim Weizmann
b. Prof. Yeshayahu Leibowitz
c. Prof. Ada Yonath
d. Prof. Yuval Ne’eman
29. The Sinai Campaign (war) took place in:
a. 1953
b. 1954
c. 1955
d. 1956

30. A site where a boat stands commemorating the ships of the clandestine immigration (“haapala”):
a. Atlit
b. The Caesarea Beach
c. The Kefar Vitkin Beach
d. The Palmachim Beach

31. The Prime Minister of Israel during the Six Days War:
a. Levi Eshkol
b. Menachem Begin
c. Yitzhak Rabin
d. David Ben-Gurion

32. The Piyyutim (musical poetry) for Selichot (penitential prayers) among the Sephardic Jews start:
a. At the beginning of the month of Tishrei
b. At the beginning of the month of Elul
c. On the Ninth of Av
d. On the seventeenth of Tammuz

33. Shabbetai Tzvi was active during the following century:
a. 14th
b. 15th
c. 16th
d. 17th

34. A festival not emanating from the Torah is:
a. Tu Be’shvat
b. Shavuot
c. Shemini Atzeret
d. Passover

35. Jewish burial in Kokhim (loculi) was practiced:
a. During the period of the Judges
b. In the days of the Return to Zion
c. From the Hellenistic Period
d. During Iron Age II

36. “Stand up, take your mat and walk. At once the man was made well…” is connected to:
a. The Siloam Pool
b. The Pools of Bethesda
c. El-Azariya
d. Bethsaida

37. The inter-twined (inter-woven) Greek letters X and P represent:
a. Messiah
b. Prophet
c. God
d. Messenger

38. The 19th century Templers originated from:
a. Alsace
b. Russia
c. Wurttemberg
d. Austro-Hungary

39. The Circassians originate from:
a. Mongolia
b. The Caucasus
c. Lebanon
d. Crete

40. A time of day that a Muslim does not pray:
a. Dawn
b. Mid-day
c. Sunrise
d. All of the above

41. Nebi Musa is located in:
a. The Golan Heights
b. The Judean Desert
c. Samaria
d. The Negev

42. The Sakhnin Valley is located:
a. Between the Nazareth and Tur’an ridges
b. Between the Tur’an and Yodefat ridges
c. Between the Shaghur ridge and the Tsurim escarpment (slopes)
d. Between the Yodefat and Shaghur ridges

43. An altar in the shape of a boat is located in:
a. Kursi
b. Sussita
c. Magdala
d. Ginossar

44. The rout of the “Land of Pursuit” is located (“eretz hamirdafim”):
a. East of Jerusalem, in the Jordan Valley area
b. East of the Gaza Strip
c. Adjacent to the Northern border
d. Between the volcanoes in the Golan Heights

45. A hanging (suspended) tree sculpture designed by the sculptor Ran Morin is located in:
a. Sejera
b. Haifa
c. Nazareth
d. Jaffa

46. A site where “Free Masons” have been known to convene (gather):
a. The Hulda stairs
b. The Nicanor cave
c. Zedekiah’s cave
d. The Tombs of the Kings

47. Sites identified with Emmaus of the New Testament:
a. Qubeibeh and Abu Ghosh
b. Colonia (“motsa”) and Tsuba
c. Hamat Gader and Hamat Tiberias
d. Latrun and Kathisma

48. A site where a locomotive is stationed as an exhibit for visitors:
a. Oron
b. Nitsana
c. Dimona
d. Beersheba

49. The inspiration for the design of the dome on the Shrine of the Book was:
a. The Dome of the Rock
b. The lid of an urn
c. A dome that was located in the Temple
d. A man’s head covering (“kippa”)

50. Kibbutz Kerem Shalom is located in the sand dunes of:
a. Shunra
b. Kisui
c. Khalutza
d. Nitsana