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2010 Winter English Exam Part A

Kislev 5771

November 2010



Part A: Knowledge Questions – Total of 30 Points


Time allotment for this section: 1 hour.

Please select and answer no more than 45 of the 50 multiple-choice questions below. If you answer more than 45 questions, the first 45 questions answered will be taken into account. Select the most correct answer and mark it on the answer sheet. Each correct answer is worth 0.66 points.


  1. What is a vadose shaft (huta):
    1. A species of bird
    2. A cloud formation
    3. A geological phenomenon
    4. A style of construction
  1. The Mashash Formation is associated with:
    1. Flint
    2. Granite
    3. Chalk
    4. Nari
  1. Which of the communities below considers itself an ecological settlement?
    1. Nevatim
    2. Dimona
    3. Omer
    4. Lotan
  1. Which of the plants below is an invasive species?
    1. Lentisc (elat hamastik)
    2. Carob (haruv)
    3. White sallow (shita mak’hila)
    4. Twisted acacia (shita slilanit)
  1. The olive tree originated in:
    1. The Mediterranean Basin
    2. Africa
    3. California
    4. Australia
  1. The large white (lavnin hakruv) is a:
    1. Flower that belongs to the crucifer family
    2. Bird that feeds on cabbage flowers
    3. An invasive mosquito
    4. Butterfly
  1. In which of the following fields is the term stratigraphy used?
    a. Meteorology
    b. Archaeology
    c. Cartography
    d. Hydrology
  1. An anthropoid is a:
    1. Type of medieval man
    2. Fossil
    3. An ancient excavating tool
    4. Type of coffin
  1.  Isaiah was a prophet during the reign of:
    1. Ahab (Ah’ab)
    2. Hezekiah (Hizkiyahu)
    3. Yehoyakim (Yehoyakhin)
    4. Zedekiah (Tsidkiyahu)
  1. The Spring House fortifications in the City of David date back to the following period:
    1. Middle Bronze
    2. David and Solomon
    3. Hezekiah (Hizkiyahu)
    4. Ezra and Nehemiya
  1. Who do most experts believe built the Antonia Fortress?
    1. The Seleucids, south of the Temple Mount
    2. The Hasmoneans, near the Tyropoeon Valley (“Valley of the Cheesemakers”, HaGai)
    3. Herod (Hordus), northwest of the Temple Mount
    4. Herod (Hordus), near David’s Tower
  1. At which of the following sites were beacons lit during the Second Temple Period?
    1. Mitspe Masu’a
    2. Mt. Ora
    3. Deir Hajla
    4. Sartaba
  1. Where can the remains of the third wall be found?
    1. North of Damascus Gate (Sha’ar Shekhem)
    2. South of Zion Gate
    3. At the foot of the Mt. of Olives
    4. Near the Holy Sepulcher
  1. What is a catapult?
    1. A battering ram
    2. A device to hurl or throw projectiles
      1. A device to shoot iron arrows
      2. A device used to pour boiling oil
  1. At which of these sites were Second Temple Synagogues discovered?
    1. Herodium and Masada
    2. Gamla and Umm-el-Qanatir
    3. Migdal and Susita
    4. Jericho and Susya
  1. Diospolis is the Roman name of:
    1. Bet Guvrin
    2. Lod
    3. Emmaus
    4. Banias
  1. Rabbi Akiva was one of the:
    1. Moderates who opposed the Bar Kokhva rebellion
    2. Last of the Sicarii (sikarit) dynasty in the Galilee
    3. Redactors of the Jerusalem Talmud
    4. Ten Martyrs (aseret haruge malkhut)
  1. Which of the following was the capital of the Palaestina Secunda district during the Byzantine Period?
    1. Sephoris (Tsipori)
    2. Bet She’an
    3. Gedera
    4. Tiberias
  1. During the reign of which ruler was the Pool of the Arches in Ramle built?
    1. Harun al-Rashid
    2. Omar
    3. Baybars
    4. Suleiman the Magnificent
  1. The center of the Teutonic Order in the Galilee was located in:
    1. Safed (Tsefat)
    2. Ma’ilia
    3. Jedin
    4. Montfort
  1. In whose time were coastal cities in the Land of Israel destroyed?
    1. Baldwin the First
    2. Ibrahim Peha
    3. Ahmad al-Jazzar
    4. Baybars
  1. Building remains dating back to the days of Dhaher al-Omar can be found in:
    1. Tiberias and Kokhav HaYarden
    2. Deir Hanna and Shefar’am
    3. Jaffa and Ashkelon
    4. Abu Gosh and on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem
  1. “A’aleh BeTamar” was the name given to the aliyah(immigration to Israel) of:
    1. The students of the Vilna Gaon (hagra)
    2. The Hassidim
    3. The Yemenite Jews
    4. The Jews of the Maghreb (mugrabim)
  1. Which of the personages below is related to the Second Aliyah?
    1. Golda Meir
    2. Menachem Begin
    3. Yitzhak Ben Tsvi
    4. Haim Nahman Bialik
  1. Menahem Ussishkin was head of the:
    1. Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemeth LeIsrael)
    2. Eretz Israel Office
    3. Anglo-Palestine Bank
    4. Rothschild Bank
  1. Which of the following was a renowned Jewish treatise composed mainly in Tsefat?
    1. The Zohar
    2. A Guide to the Perplexed (moreh nevukhim)
    3. The Jerusalem Talmud
    4. The Shulhan Arukh
  1. The aqueduct to Akko which can be seen near Kibbutz Lohame HaGeta’ot dates back to the time of:
    1. Dhaher al-Omar
    2. Suleiman the Magnificent
    3. Suleiman Pasha
    4. Ahmad al-Jazzar
  1. Lova Eliav’s name is associated with settlement in:
    a. The Lakhish Region
    b. Gush Katif
    c. The Eleven Points in the Negev
    d. Sebastia
  1. What is a “certificate”?
    a. A burial casket
    b. An immigration permit issued by the British Mandate
    c. A rank in the Jewish Brigade
    d. A deportation order from Israel issued at the time of the British Mandate
  1. The road between Jaffa and Jerusalem was paved:
    1. In honor of the visit of Emperor Wilhelm II
    2. In honor of the visit of Emperor Franz Joseph
    3. In order to transport bells to the Russian Cathedral
    4. At the initiative of Sheikh Abu G’osh
  1. Into how many seas do the Negev Highlands drain into?
    1. One
    2. Two
    3. Three
    4. Four
  1. The design of the Valley of the Communities (bik’at hakehilot) at Yad Vashem is shaped like:
    a. The map of Israel
    b. The map of Europe
    c. The Star of David (magen david) symbol
    d. The menorah symbol
  1. What was the Ayalon Institute?
    a. An electricity production plant
    b. A sewage purification facility
    c. A museum in memory of Tabenkin
    d. A secret weapons production plant
  2. In which year did the Battle of Tel Azaziat take place?
    1. 1948
    2. 1956
    3. 1967
    4. 1973
  1. An optional tour is:
    1. A tour that leaves regularly once a week
    2. Compensation offered by an agent for changes in the tour itinerary
    3. A choice between an ecological field trip and an archaeological field trip
    4. None of the above
  1. One of the members in your group lost consciousness and you have to order an ambulance immediately. You should call:
    1. 100
    2. 101
    3. 102
    4. 106
  1. What is “Ben HaMetsarim”
    1. The three weeks between the 17th of Tamuz and the 9th of Av
    2. The time between the closing of the Straits of Tiran to the beginning of the war in 1967
    3. The days of counting the omer (sfirat haomer)
    4. The period in which selihot are said
  1. Which book from the scriptures is read on the 9thof Av?
    1. Job (iyov)
    2. Ruth
    3. Lamentations (eikha)
    4. Esther
  1. The Church of the Visitation in En Kerem commemorates the visit of:
    1. Mary to her relative Elizabeth
    2. Gabriel to Elizabeth
    3. Zachary, father of John, to the Temple
    4. Jesus to the Temple
  1. At which of the following two sites was Jesus tempted according to Christian tradition?
    1. Mt. Tabor and the Karantal
    2. Banias and Capernaum (kfar nahum)
    3. Karantal and the Temple Mount
    4. Tabha and Kursi
  1. What is Ramadan?
    1. The ninth month in the Islamic calendar
    2. The month of fasting
    3. The month in which the Qur’an was first revealed to Muhammad
    4. All the above
  1. In Islam Ula al-Qiblatain is the name for:
    1. Mecca
    2. Medina
    3. Jerusalem
    4. The Ka’aba
  1. What can be found at Karne Hittin according to Druze tradition?
    1. The footprint of Nebi Shu’eib
    2. The cloak of Nebi Hazuri
    3. Two hairs from the beard of Nebi Sabalan
    4. The handprint of Jethro (yitro)
  1. How do the Kara’ites feel about Jewish Rabbinical Oral Law?
    1. They reject it completely
    2. They are willing to accept whatever does not conflict with the Scriptures (tora shebikhtav)
    3. They accept only the Mishna
    4. They accept only the Talmud
  1. The Hurva Synagogue in Jerusalem got its name because it was:
    1. Destroyed by the Jordanians in 1948
    2. Destroyed in the 1929 riots (me’oraot tarpat)
    3. Destroyed by the Ottoman paha in the 19th century
    4. Built in a courtyard destroyed by the Muslims in 1720
  1. Where did the aqueduct to Herodium begin?
    1. At the Snakes Pool
    2. At Wadi Artas near Bethlehem
    3. At the upper aqueduct to Jerusalem
    4. At the lower aqueduct to Jerusalem
  1. The symbol of the Society for the Preservation of Israel Heritage Sites is:
    1. Mikve Yisrael
    2. The Nahalal Police Station
    3. The Herzliya Gymnasium
    4. The Kinneret Courtyard
  1. Where is Wadi Nisnas, the site of the Festival of Festivals?
    1. Shefar’am
    2. Akko
    3. Nazareth
    4. Haifa
  1. One of the earliest vaulted gates in the world is located in:
    1. Ashkelon
    2. Be’er Sheva
    3. Megiddo
    4. Lakhish
  1. The design of the Shrine of the Book was inspired by:
    1. Torah scroll crowns
    2. Lids of jars found near Qumeran
    3. Inkwells found at Qumeran
    4. The inner sanctuary (dvir) of the Temple.