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2015 Summer Exam part A

Kislev 5775

June 2015




Part A: Knowledge Questions – Total of 30 Points


Time allotment for this section: 1 hour.

Auxiliary material: non-electronic dictionary only.


Please select and answer no more than 45 of the 50 multiple-choice questions below. If you answer more than 45 questions, the first 45 questions answered will be taken into account. Select the most correct answer and mark it on the answer sheet. Each correct answer is worth 0.66 points.


  1. Terra Rossa soil is formed out of:
    1. Sand stone
    2. Granite
    3. Lime stone
    4. Chalk (Kirton).
  2. Graben is the opposite of:
    1. An endemic animal
    2. A horst
    3. Low barometric pressure
    4. A Tel
  3. In afforestation in Israel Pine trees are often used because they are:
    1. Fire resistant
    2. Resistant to diseases and pests
    3. Suitable to the local climate and fast growing
    4. Used for industrial purposes
  4. The Short-toed Eagle’s (Hivyai) main sources of food are:
    1. Insects
    2. Snakes
    3. Plants
    4. Fish
  5. Which of the following is not one of the “seven species”? (Shiv’at haMinim)
    1. Olive
    2. Barley
    3. Citron (Etrog)
    4. Date
  6. The Gihon (inverted syphon) in the Amud stream is associated with:
    1. The national water carrier
    2. Electricity in Naharayim
    3. Water to Magdala
    4. The early aqueduct to Tiberias
  1. The term “headers and stretchers” indicates:
    1. Lichen appearing on a rock
    2. A method of stone laying in the building of walls
    3. Arrow heads from the Roman period
    4. The name given to the Pharisees in the New Testament
  2. Burial in ossuaries appears in Israel for the first time during:
    1. The Chalcolithic period
    2. The First Temple period
    3. The Second Temple period
    4. The Mishna and Talmudic period
  3. An archaeological finding from the Second Temple period in the Israel Museum is:
    1. The Shiloah Inscription
    2. Anthropoid
    3. The Theodotos Inscription
    4. The Wadi Mishmar (Nahal Mishmar) treasure
  4. Standing stones in a cultic context from the First Temple period were found in:
    1. Tel Arad
    2. Hanemerim shrine
    3. Timna
    4. Tel Be’er Sheva
  5. The relative advantage of agriculture in Israel is mainly the:
    1. Westerly and easterly winds
    2. Variety of soil types
    3. High rainfall
    4. Flexibility and professionalism of Israeli farmers.
  1. Hannah’s prayer is associated with:
    1. Shiloh
    2. Bethel (Beit El)
    3. Cave of the Patriarchs (Me’arat Hamahpela)
    4. Givah
  2. Ezra and Nehemiah lived in the:
    1. Seventh century BCE
    2. Sixth century BCE
    3. Fifth century BCE
    4. Fourth century BCE
  1. One of the reasons that led to the Great Revolt was:
    1. Hadrian’s decrees
    2. The establishment of Aelia Capitolina
    3. A dispute between Jews and Gentiles at the Hakra fortress
    4. A dispute between Jews and Gentiles in Caesarea
  2. “Give me Yavenh and its sages” was said by:
    1. Hillel the Elder
    2. Rabban Gamliel of Yavneh
    3. Rabban Yochanan ben Zakkai
    4. Josephus
  1. Names of “Azarot”(sections/courts) in the Second Temple were:
    1. Ezrat Nashim and Ezrat Gvarim (women’s court and men’s court)
    2. Ezrat Nashim and Ezrat Yisrael
    3. Ezrat Cohanim and Ezrat Leviyim (the priestly court and the Levites court)
    4. Ezrat Hagazit and Ezrat Haetsim
  1. Synagogues from the Byzantine period were found in:
    1. Modi’in and Sephoris (Tsipori)
    2. En Gedi and Magdala
    3. Bet Alpha and Bar’am
    4. Capernaum (Kfar Nahum) and Gamla
  2. Harun al-Rashid belongs to the dynasty of:
    1. Umayya
    2. Abbas
    3. Fatimids
    4. Ayyubids
  3. A site from the Early Muslim period is:
    1. Horvat Minim (Hirbet Minya)
    2. Horvat Qeiyafa
    3. Horvat Midras
    4. Han el Sultan
  1. The second crusade was intended to:
    1. Liberate Acre
    2. Liberate the Holy Sepulcher
    3. Liberate Edessa
    4. Fight against Saladin
  2. Ruins of a Crusader church can be seen in:
    1. Sephoris (Tsipori)
    2. Capernaum
    3. Mount of Beatitude
    4. Kursi
  3. The origin of the term “Postal Route” is from the:
    Roman and Byzantine period
    b.  Crusader period
    c.  Mamluk period
    d.  Ottoman period (19th century)
  4. A Crusader church that was converted into a mosque can be seen in:
    1. Ramleh
    2. Jaffa
    3. Be’er Sheva
    4. Haifa
  1. The first Jewish neighbourhood outside Jaffa was:
    1. Ahuzat Bayit
    2. Neve Shalom
    3. Neve Tzedek
    4. Kerem haTeimanim
  2. A Moshava established by Romanian Jews was:
    1. Motza
    2. Gedera
    3. Petah Tikva
    4. Rosh Pina
  1. A settlement established after 1948 is:
    b. Ma’aleh haHamisha
    c. Nahariya
    d. Arad
  2. Tegart police stations are found in:
    1. Ya’ara and Safed (Tzfat)
    2. Nebi Yusha and Jerusalem
    3. Abu Gosh and Hanita
    4. Caesarea and Latrun
  3. “Mivtza Kadesh” (Kadesh Operation) took place in:
    b. 1956
    c. 1967
    d. 1970
  4. The aim of “Mivtza Yiftach” (Operation Yiftach) was to free the:
    b. Eastern Upper Galilee
    c. Eastern shores of Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee)
    d. Western Lower Galilee
  1. The characteristic features of a Mediterranean climate in Israel are:
    1. Four distinct seasons a year
    2. Relatively constant temperatures throughout the year
    3. A mild, wet winter and a long, dry summer
    4. A long winter with a constant temperature and a short, dry summer
  2. In the peace accords with Jordan it was agreed, inter alia, that:
    1. Jordan will provide Israel with water
    2. Israel will provide Jordan with water
    3. Israelis will be allowed to cross into Jordan on the Allenby Bridge
    4. Two more crossings will be opened between the Arava crossing and the Allenby Bridge
  1. For which of the following is a security clearance and co-ordination required?
    1. Har Karkom
    2. The Temple Mount
    3. Tell Shiloh
    4. Har Tzfachot
  2. In which area is the settlement of Ofra located?
    1. A
    2. B
    3. C
    4. E
  3. The meaning of “Kiddush levana” is:
    1. Kiddush (blessing) of white wine
    2. A blessing for a new month
    3. A blessing for the returning of spring
    4. A blessing for the full moon
  1. A Shmita year is observed on the:
    1. 5th year
    2. 7th year
    3. 10th year
    4. 50th year
  2. In the past, the Jews of Acre were buried in:
    1. Kfar Yassif
    2. Yarka
    3. Jadide
    4. Tel Regev
  3. An active monastery in the Judean Desert is:
    1. Martyrius, in Ma’ale Adumim
    2. Euthymius, in Mishor Adumim
    3. George, in Wadi Qelt
    4. Haritun, in the Tekoa area
  1. In Christian iconography the dove is usually a symbol of:
    1. Mercy
    2. The holy spirit
    3. John the Baptist
    4. Eternal life
  2. An octagonal Byzantine church is found:
    1. On Mount Gerizim
    2. In Jaffa
    3. In Arsuf
    4. On Mount Beatitude
  1. Umra is:
    1. The Muslim festival of the Omer
    2. The day the Qur’an was first discovered
    3. The prophet’s night journey
    4. Going on a pilgrimage to Mecca not during the Hajj
  2. A settlement with a Shi’ite population is:
    1. Gush Halav
    2. Rehaniya
    3. Daburiyya
    4. Ghajar
  3. The Druze house of prayer is called:
    1. Diwan
    2. Zawiya
    3. Madrasa
    4. Hilweh
  4. One of the early names of the settlement at the tip of the Eilat bay is:
    b. Uvda
    c. Etzion Gaver
    d. Kadesh Barne’a
  5. The term “Ror” applies to:
    1. The Jordan River’s lower floodplain terrace (Geon haYarden)
    2. The Jordan Canal
    3. The Jordan River’s upper floodplain terrace (Kikar haYarden)
    4. Transjordan
  6. A tourist site with a restoration of a Talmudic Village can be seen at:
    1. Tel Dan
    2. Neot Kedumim
    3. En Yael
    4. Katzrin
  7. A museum that documents the history of the Valley Train is found in:
    1. Kfar Yehoshuah
    2. Afula
    3. The old Gesher
    4. Beit She’an
  8. Ruins of a Bosnian settlement are found in:
    1. Apollonia
    2. Caesarea
    3. Be’er Sheva
    4. Ashkelon
  1. Beit Jamal Monastery is associated with:
    1. Stephen and Rabban Gamliel
    2. Peter and St. Francis
    3. Paul and Elisha ben Abuyah
    4. John the Baptist and Yohanan ben Zavdi
  2. The town of the “Bahadim” (army training camps) is being built in:
    1. The Judean Desert
    2. The Negev Heights (Ramat haNegev)
    3. The Arad desert
    4. Mitzpe Ramon
  3. Wool industry from the Ottoman period was located in:
    1. Meshushim stream
    2. Betzet stream
    3. Amud stream
    4. Dalton stream