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Uncovering Jerusalem course Bibliography

Uncovering Jerusalem:

A Historical and Archaeological Survey

Danny Herman

Reading List

– Bahat D. 2011. The Carta Atlas of Jerusalem. Carta. Jerusalem. E114 (084) B151

– Geva H. (ed.). 2000. Ancient Jerusalem Revealed. (2nd. ed.). Israel Exploration Society. JerusalemE114 (084) G396

– “Jerusalem”. In Stern E. (ed.). 1993. The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land (=NEAEHL). IES and BAS. Jerusalem. 2:698-800; 5:1801-1837.  E13 (03) S839

– Montefiore S.S. 2011. Jeruslaem. The Biography.  Weidenfeld and Nicolson . London. E114 S443

– Yadin Y. (ed.) 1976. Jerusalem Revealed. Israel Exploration Society. Jerusalem. E114 Y12

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Additional Bibliography

1. Jerusalem until ca. 1000 BCE

Major Sources: Genesis 14:18.

– Bahat 2011: 18-21.

– “Jerusalem”. NEAHEL 2:698-699.

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2. Jerusalem During First Temple Period (ca. 1000-586 BCE).

Major Sources: Joshua 10:1; Judges 1:8,21; Judges 19:10-13; 2 Samuel 5:4-9 and 1 Chronicles 11:4-9; Psalms 42:8; 2 Samuel 6:12-15; 2 Samuel 24:18-25; 1 Kings 3:1-3; 1 Kings 6 and 7; 2 Kings 18:9 to 20:21 and 2 chronicles 32:1-24; 2 Kings 24:10 to 25:10; Pritchard J.B. 1955. Ancient Near Eastern Texts. Princeton. P. 287, No. 8.

– Bahat 2011: 22-33.

– “Jerusalem”, NEAEHL 2:699-716.

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City of David

– Cahill J.M. and Tarler D. 2000. Excavations Directed by Yigal Shiloh at the City of David. In: AJR, Pp. 31-45.

–  Cahil J.M. 2004. Jerualem in David and Solomon’s Time: It really was a Major City in the Tenth Century BCE. BAR 30[6]:20-31, 62-63.

– Shoham Y. 2000. A Group of Hebrew Bullae from Yigal Shilo’s Excavations in the City of David. In: AJR, Pp. 55-63.

– Schneider T. 2000. A Biblical Name on a City of David Bulla: Azariah son of Hilkiah (High Priest?). In: AJR, Pp. 62-63.

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The Water System

– Amiran R. 1976. The Water Supply of Israelite Jerusalem. In: JR, Pp. 75-78.

– Reich R. and Shukrun E. 1999. Light at the End of the Tunnel. BAR 25[1]:22-33, 72.

– Reich R. and Shukrun E. 2000.  The Excavations at the Gihon Spring and Warren’s Shaft System in the City of David. In: AJR, Pp. 327-339.

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Burial Customs

– Barkai G. 2000. Excavations at Ketef Hinnom in Jerusalem. In: AJR, Pp. 85-106.

– Barkai G., Kloner A., and Mazar A. 2000. The Northern Necropolis of Jerusalem During the First Temple Period. In: AJR, Pp. 119-127.

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3. Jerusalem During the Second Temple Period (538 BCE-70 CE).

Major Sources: Nehemiah 2:11-15, 3-1:32, 8:1; the Letter of Aristreas; Timocharus; Maccabees I-II; Ben-Sira; Tractates Kiddushim, Middot 1-2,5; Josephus Flavius, The Jewish Wars , Jewish Antiquities 11-20, Against Appion 1:103-105, 2:119-120, 196-200; The New Testament, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts; Dio Cassius, Historia Romana lxv, 4:1-7, lxix, 12:1-14.

* for non-Jewish sources on Judaism in the Classical Periods: Stern M. 1974-1980.  Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism I-II. Jerusalem.

– Bahat 2011:34-63.

– “Jerusalem”, NEAEHL 2:717-757.

– Avigad N. 1976. The Architecture of Jerusalem in the Second Temple Period. In: JR, Pp. 14-20.

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The Temple Mount

– Mazar B. 1976. The Excavations near the Temple Mount. In: JR, Pp. 25-32.

– Bahat D. 2000. The Western wall Tunnels. In: AJR, Pp. 177-190.

– Reich R. Bilig. Y. 2000. Excavations Near the Temple Mount and Robinson’s Arch, 1994-1996. In: AJR, Pp. 340-352.

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The Jewish Quarter

– Rosovsky N. 1992. A Thousand Years of History in Jerusalem’s Jewish Quarter.    BAR 18[3]: 22-40.

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Stone Vessels

– Magen Y. 2000. Jerusalem as a Center of the Stone Vessel Industry during the Second Temple Period. In: AJR, Pp. 244-256.

– Amit D. Zeligman J. and Zilberbord I. 2000. Stone Vessels Workshops of the Second Temple Priod, East of Jerusalem. In: AJR, Pp. 353-358.

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Water Systems

– Mazar A. 1976. The Aqueducts of Jerusalem. In: JR, Pp. 79-84.

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Burial Customs

– Avigad N. 1976. The Tomb of the Nazirite on Mount Scopus. In: JR, Pp. 66-67.

– Reich R. And Geva H. 1976. Five Jewish Burial-caves on Mount Scopus. In: JR, Pp. 67-69.

– Kloner A. 1976. A Burial-cave of the Second Temple Period at Giva’t Hamivtar. In: JR, Pp. 69-70.

– Hass. N. 1970. Anthropological Observations on the Skeletal Remains from Giv’at ha-Mivtar. The Case of Crucifixion. IEJ 20:49-59, pl. 24.

– Tzaferis V. 1976. The Burial of Simon the Temple Builder. In: JR, Pp. 71-72.

– Naveh J. 1976. A New Tomb-Inscription from Giva’t Hamivtar. In: JR, Pp. 73-74.

– Avni G., Greenhut Z., and Ilan T. 2000. Three New Caves of the Second Temple Period in Aceldema (Kidron Valley). In: AJR, Pp. 206-218.

– Greenhut Z. 2000. The Caiaphas Tomb in North Talpiyot. In: AJR, Pp. 219-222.

– Rahmani L.Y. 2000. Osuarries and Ossilegium (Bone-Gathering) in the Late Second Temple Period. In: AJR, Pp. 191-205.

– Zissu B. 1999. Odd Tombs Out: Has Jerusalem’s Essene Cemetery Been Found?. BAR 25[2]:50-55, 62.

– “Jerusalem – The Necropolis of the Second Temple Period”. NEAEHL 5:1822-1825.

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4. Jerusalem during the Late Roman Period (135-326 CE).

Major Sources: Easter Calendar.

– Bahat 2011: 64-75.

– “Jerusalem”, NEAEHL  2:758-767.

– Geva H. 1997. Searching for Roman Jerusalem.  BAR 23[6]:34-45, 72.

– Meshorer Y. 1989. The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina. Jerusalem.

– Magen M. Excavations at the Damascus Gate, 1979-1984. In: AJR, Pp. 281-286.

– Kloner A. The Cave of the Birds – a Painted Tomb on the Mount of Olives. In:  AJR, Pp. 306-310.

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5. Jerusalem during the Byzantine Period (326-638 CE).

Major Sources: The Bordeaux Pilgrim; Eusebius, Onomasticon, Life of Constantine; Theodosius, On the Topography of the Holy-Land; Procopius, Of the Buildings of Justinian; Antoninus Martyr 16-27; Easter Calendar.

* Most of the Sources are available in the book Series Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society.

– Bahat 2011: 76-87.

– “Jerusalem”, NEAEHL 2:768-785.

– Patrich J. 2000. The Early Church of the Holy Sepulcher in the Light of Exavations and Restoration. In Tzafrir Y. (ed.): Ancient Churches Revealed. Israel Exploration Society, Pp. 101-117.

– Bahat D. 1986. Does the Holy Sepulchre Church mark the Burial of Jesus?, BAR 12[3]:26-45.

– Avi-Yonah M. 1956. The Madaba Mosaic Map. Jerusalem. Pp. 9-23, 50-60.

– Avigad N. 1983. Discovering Jerusalem. Jerusalem. Pp. 208-246.

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6. Jerusalem During the Early Arab Period (638-1099 CE).

Major Sources: Koran, Sura 17; Al-Moqadsi, Description of Syria;  The Pilgrimage of Arculfus; The Hodoeporicon of St. Willibald; The Itinerary of Bernard the Wise; Nasir I Khosrau, Diary of a Journey Through Syria and Palestine.

* Most of the Sources are available in the book Series Palestine Pilgrims’ Text Society.

– Bahat 2011:88-99.

– “Jerusalem” NEAEHL 2:786-800.

– Rosen-Ayalon M. 1976. The Islamic Architecture of Jerusalem. In: JR, Pp. 92-96.

– Ben-Dov M. 1976. The Area South of the Temple Mount in the Early Islamic Period. In: JR, Pp. 96-101.

– Sharon M. 2006. Islam on the Temple Mount. BAR 32[4]:36-47, 68.

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7. Jerusalem During the Crusader Period (1099-1244 CE).

Major Sources: The historical sources to the crusaders period are vast. See Bibliographical list in Runciman S. 1954. The History of the Crusades I, Cambridge. Pp. 342-350.

– Bahat 2011:100-115.

– “Jerusalem” NEAEHL 2:786-800.

–  Boas A.J. 2001. Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades. London and New-York.

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8. Jerusalem in Ayyubid and Mamluk Times (1187-1517 CE)

– Bahat 2011:116-119.

– “Jerusalem”, NEAEHL 2: 800.

– Drory J. 1981.Jerusalem During the Mamluk Period. In Levin L.I. (ed.). The Jerusalem Cathedra. Jerusalem. 190-213.

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9. Jerualem During the Ottoman Period (1517-1917 CE)

– Bahat 2011:132-145.

– Ben Aryieh Y. 1984. Jerusalem in the 19th Century: The Old City. Palgrave Macmillan. London.

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10. Jerualem in British Times (1917-1947 CE).

– Bahat 2011:146-155.

– Biger G. 1994.  An Empire in the Holy Land.  Jerusalem.

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11. Jerusalem Divided (1948-1967)

– Bahat 2011:156-163.

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12. Jerusalem Unified (1967-present)

– Bahat 2011:164-165.

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13. Jerusalem and the Judean Desert

NEAEHL 2:399-409; 5:1718-1724 (“En-Gedi”); 2:428-430 (“Euthymius Monastery”); 2:618-626; 5:1778-1780 (“Herodium”); 2:639-641, 5:1787-1788 (“Hyrcania”); 2:674-697; 5:1798-1800 (“Jericho”); 3:816-837 (“Judean Desert Caves”); 3:966-967 (“Mar Saba Monastery”); 3:967-972 (“Martyrius Monastery”); 3:973-985, 5:1935-1940 (“Masada”); 4:1235-1241 (“Qumran”).

– Hirschfeld Y. 1995. Spirituality in the Desert: Judean Wilderness Monasteries, BAR 21[5]:28-37.

– Khouri R. 2005. Where John Baptized. BAR 31[1]:34-39, 41-43.

–  Magen Y. 1995. Martyrius – Lavish Living for Monks. BAR 21[5]:38-49.

– Magen Y. 2012. Inn of the Good Samaritan Becomes a Museum. BAR 38[1]:48-57.

– Rosenberg S. and Mevorah D. (eds.). 2103. Herod the Great . The King’s Final Journey. Israel Museum. Jerusalem.

– Yadin Y. 1966. Masada: Herod’s Fortress and the Zealots’ Last Stand. London.

– Yadin Y. 1971. Bar-Kokhba: The Rediscovery of the Legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. Random House. New York.