Nabi Musa (in Arabic: [site of] Prophet Moses) is a Muslim holy site in the Judean Desert, about 15 miles east of Jerusalem. By Muslim tradition, it is the burial site of Moses, a prophet in the Quran.
History of Nabi Musa
The Hebrew Bible records Moses dying and buried on Mount Nebo, before entering the Promised Land. However, it adds that the exact burial spot is unknown (Deut. 34:6). Perhaps that gave way to the Muslim tradition that in the 12th century the Muslim ruler Saladin had a vision in which Moses’ tomb was shown to him in the Judean Desert. The Maqam marking the burial site was completed in 1269 CE by the Mamluk sultan Baibars. In the 19th century the local Muslims developed the tradition of an annual procession to the site from Jerusalem, on the same days the Christian celebrated Easter. Thousands of Muslim pilgrims marched through Jerusalem streets, and then headed to Nabi Musa, where they camped for a whole week and feasted. To accommodate the crowds, a khan (inn) was built around the burial site, which was extended over the years. In 1920, the Mufti of Jerusalem incited the pilgrims to attack the Jews in old City. They killed 6 and wounded another 200. These processions continued until the mid-20th century. Following the Jordanian conquest of Judea and Samaria in 1948, Nabi Musa festivals were suppressed by the Jordanians because of their potential political power. After the Six Day War in 1967 the site became under Israeli rule, but in 1995 it was handed to the Palestinian Authority. In recent years the site operates as a Muslim rehabilitation center. In 2019 the European Union sponsored a conservation project at the site.
Touring Nabi Musa
Nabi Musa is not far from the Jerusalem-Jericho road. A right turn a bit after the Sea Level sign leads to the site. The current complex is comprised of 120 rooms set in a square around the holy burial. At its door is an Arabic inscription from the Mamluk period indicating its construction is from year 1269-1270 CE. The western wing of the courtyard around it is designated for men and the eastern is for women. Other inscriptions indicate constructions done in 1737, 1820, and 1885. By Muslim tradition, a small domed structure 1.5 Miles south of Nabi Musa is the burial site of Moses, shepherd. A Muslim and Bedouin cemetery developed around it.