Tiberias is a city in Northern Israel, set at the western shore of the Sea of Galilee.
It was founded about 2,000 years ago, and continued to thrive in the subsequent periods, and to this day.
History of Tiberias
Tiberias was founded by Herod Antipas around 20 CE. It was named “Tiberias” in honor of the emperor Tiberius (14-37 AD). After the conquest and destruction of Jeruaslem in 70 CE, Tiberias developed to be the biggest and most important Jewish center in the Holy Land. The Jerusalem Talmud, one of the most important codes of Jewish Law, was compiled in Tiberias. Tiberias was also the home of the Sanhedrin, the court for Jewish Law. Later, in Tiberias, diacritics for Hebrew writing was developed (the Tiberian Hebrew).
During the Crusaders period, Tiberias was the capital of the principality of Galilee, and in the 18th Century Tiberias became a self-governed city by an Arab Beduin named Daher el-Omar.
Tiberias and the New Testament
“Then some boats from Tiberias landed near the place where the people had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks.” (John 6:23)
Although mentioned in the New Testament only twice, the centrality of Tiberias is evident. In the Gospel of John, the Sea of Galilee is even called the “Sea of Tiberias” (John 21:1), alluding to the centricity of Tiberias. And yet the Gospels do not record Jesus visiting Tiberias, even once. It appears to be that Jesus deliberately avoided going to Tiberias, perhaps wishing to abstain from confrontation with local administration representatives such as police and army. He was, after all, trying to spread the message, of the kingdom of Heaven, in a culture that allowed only one kingdom, the Roman Empire. Today Tiberias holds a few Churches. Located in front of the Scottish Hotel, Saint Andrews Church belongs to church of Scotland. In the Southern end of the City The Greek-Orthodox maintains a monastery. In the heart of the modern city is a Catholic church devoted to Saint Peter.
Today Tiberias is known mostly for its hotels and fish restaurants in the city center. A nice promenade is set along the seafront of the Sea of Galilee, where boat tours are offered. In the city center one can also see an Ottoman period mosque and synagogue (Abulafia Synagogue) and a small part of the Medieval port. Unfortunately, the medieval fort of Tiberias has not been excavated yet.
Ancient Tiberias Archaeological park
Tiberias’ center in Roman to Early Muslim times lies is an area that is south its cemetery today. Ongoing excavations have uncovered a theatre, bath house, public buildings, part of the city’s main street (Cardo Maximus), and a grand mosque. On a promontory above (Mount Berenice), a big church commemorating a stone anchor was uncovered.
At the southern end of the city, natural hot springs, famed for their curative properties are appreciated to this day. Excavations around the springs in the 1960’s uncovered remains of a Roman Bath house. Above it, a well-preserved mosaic floor of an ancient synagogue was discovered. Scarce remains of another ancient synagogue were found near the city center.
Sacred Jewish Tombs in Tiberias
Tiberias has quite a few tomb marks which by local tradition are the burials of various Jewish leading figures. Among them are the Tomb of Maimonides, Tomb of Rabbi Akiva, Tomb of Rabbi Me’ir Ba’al Hanes, the Tomb of the Matriarchs and the Tomb of Rachel.
Book a Private Tour to the Tiberias
Setting a Bar-Mitzvah in Tiberias
With such a long and rich Jewish History, Tiberias is almost a natural choice for a Bar-Mitzvah ceremony. It can take place in any of the synagogues in the city, or possibly at the ancient synagogue of Hamat Tiberias.
The ceremony can be followed by an event in one of the local hotels, and a private sail on the Sea of Galilee. In the evening a festive dinner at “Decks” restaurant, including live music, dancing, and fireworks from the lake, is a great way to end a great day!
Points of Interest in the Area
|Day Tour of the Galilee|